Network Rail . Train
Operating Companies . Freight
Operating Companies .
Stock Companies . Office
of Rail Regulation (ORR) . Strategic
Rail Authority (SRA) . Health
and Safety Executive
(HSE) . Rail
Safety and Standards
Network Rail is responsible
for the rail infrastructure, train operating
companies (TOCs) run passenger services,
freight operating companies (FOCs) provide
freight services and rolling stock companies
(ROSCOs) lease rail vehicles to the train
The British Rail Industry is regulated by the Office of Rail Regulation
(ORR) and receives strategic guidance from the Strategic Rail Authority
(SRA). Safety on the railways is regulated by the Health and Safety Executive
and monitored by the Rail Safety and Standards Board.
trespass on the railways is
a crime !
| Network Rail
owns and manages the rail network
for the Train Operating Companies,
who run passenger services in specific
regions, and the freight companies.
It provides access to the network,
plans and co-ordinates train movements
and produces a workable timetable.
Network Rail owns 20,000 miles of
track, 9,000 level crossings, 750
tunnels, 40,000 viaducts and bridges
and 2,500 stations. It directly manages
17 major stations - Birmingham New
Street, Edinburgh Waverley, Gatwick
Airport, Glasgow Central, Leeds,
Liverpool Lime Street, Manchester
Piccadilly and the following London
stations – Cannon Street, Charing
Cross, Euston, Fenchurch Street,
King's Cross, Liverpool Street, London
Bridge, Paddington, Victoria and
Waterloo. The rest of the stations
are managed on a day-to-day basis
by the Train Operating Companies.
trespass on the railways is a
crime which can be punished in
court with a fine of upto £1,000
| ARRIVA Trains Wales (www.arrivatrainswales.co.uk)|
Arriva Trains Wales operates urban and inter urban services in Wales and
the border counties of England. It has a fleet of 116 trains covering a
route of over 2,600 miles and operates 788 services a day on weekdays.
On average, it handles 60,000 passenger journeys a day, with the ability
to carry over 12,000 customers at any one time. The company operates 235
stations throughout Wales of which 48 are staffed.
C2C (Commitment2Customers) operates 74 Electrostar trains and 26 stations.
It provides 110,00 train journeys and services 25 million passenger journeys
each year. It runs commuter services from London Fenchurch Street to Tilbury,
Southend, Lakeside and Shoeburyness.
||Central Trains (www.centraltrains.co.uk)
Central Trains operates 7,200 trains
providing fast and frequent local rail services throughout the
East and West Midlands, as well as long distance services from
the Midlands to South Wales the North West of England, East Anglia
and the East Coast. Every week around half a million people travel
to over 300 destinations serviced by some 2000 staff.
Chiltern Railways (www.chilternrailways.co.uk)
Chiltern Railways provides train services along the M40 corridor between
London Marylebone and Kidderminster via Leamington Spa, Warwick, Solihull
and Birmingham Snow Hill. Services are also provided between London
Marylebone and Aylesbury as well as Amersham via the Metropolitan underground
Eurostar operates train services between London Waterloo and Paris/Brussels
with links through to other European destinations. It uses the
Channel Tunnel Rail Link, the first part of which was officially
opened in September 2003, and the Channel Tunnel.
First Great Western (www.firstgreatwestern.co.uk)
First Great Western provides train services between London Paddington
and South Wales via Bristol Parkway and South West England via Bristol.
First Great Western Link (www.firstgreatwestern.co.uk/link)
First Great Western Link trains operate on the main routes in and out
of London Paddington covering the Thames Valley to Slough, Reading, Didcot
and Oxford, and also the Kennet Valley to Newbury and Bedwyn. It also
provides services to Hereford, Worcester, Stratford-upon-Avon and Warwick,
as well as from Reading, Guildford and Dorking to Gatwick Airport.
Gatwick Express (www.gatwickexpress.co.uk)
Gatwick Express provides a high-speed, dedicated service between London
Victoria and Gatwick Airport every 15 minutes of the day. The journey
takes approximately 30 minutes and tickets can be bought onboard, at
Victoria, at Gatwick or through travel agents. Other high-speed services
connect London Paddington with Heathrow Airport and London Liverpool
Street with Stansted Airport
||Great North Eastern Railway (GNER)
GNER provides high-speed train services along a route of almost 1,000
miles on the East Coast Main Line between London King's Cross and
the East Midlands, Yorkshire, the North East and Scotland. The company
operates 42 trains and carries some 15 million passengers each year.
It provides 117 train journeys each day and manages 12 major stations.
Hull Trains (www.hulltrains.co.uk)
Hull Trains provides regular train services carrying 330,000 passengers
each year between London King's Cross and Grantham, Doncaster, Selby
Island Line (www.island-line.co.uk)
Island Line provides rail services on eight and half miles of track on
the Isle of Wight serving the island towns of Ryde, Brading Sandown,
Lake and Shanklin.
Merseyrail operates the 6.5-mile underground system in Central Liverpool
and the 75 miles of overground lines from Liverpool to Southport, Ormskirk,
Kirkby, Hunts Cross on the Northern Line, and New Brighton, West Kirby,
Chester and Ellesmere Port on the Wirral Line. 30 million passenger journeys
each year are made on the Merseyrail network.
Midland Mainline (www.midlandmainline.com)
Midland Mainline operates train services between Yorkshire (Leeds, Wakefield,
Doncaster, Sheffield), the East Midlands (Nottingham, Derby Loughborough,
Leicester) Bedfordshire (Bedford, Luton) and London St.Pancras.
|Northern Rail (www.northernrail.org)
Rail is the largest train operator in the UK. It operates some
2500 local and regional passenger services across the North of
England and North Wales, providing nearly 70 million passengers
journeys a year. The company also manages 472 stations across
‘ one’ Anglia (www.oneanglia.com)
'one', Anglia covers stations and services between London Liverpool Street,
Colchester, Ipswich and Norwich as well as local services starting and
finishing in Norwich and Ipswich including all stations to Great Yarmouth,
Lowestoft, Sheringham, Felixstowe, Cambridge and Peterborough and services
to Harwich International.
‘ one’ West Anglia (www.onewestanglia.com)
'one', West Anglia covers all stations and services between London Liverpool
Street to Cambridge, Chingford, Enfield Town and Hertford East except
Stansted Express services.
‘ one’ Great Eastern (www.onegreateastern.com)
'one' Great Eastern covers stations and services between London Liverpool
Street and Shenfield, Southend Victoria, Southminster and Upminster via
Ilford. Great Eastern also covers services to Colchester, Ipswich, Clacton,
Walton-on-Naze, Braintree, Harwich Town and Colchester Town, as well
as the Sudbury branch from Marks Tey.
First Scotrail (www.firstgroup.com/scotrail)
First ScotRail provides 95% of the train services over the Scottish rail
network catering for over 60 million passenger journeys a year. It caters
for thousands of commuters who use the railway to get to and from work
on a daily basis. The company also caters for the leisure traveller carrying
many tourists on its famous railway lines, including The West Highland
Line, The Kyle Line and The North Line. It operates the Sleeper services
from Scotland to London Euston.
Silverlink Trains (www.silverlink-trains.com)
The Silverlink Trains network is divided into two. Silverlink County
runs between London Euston and Northampton stopping at county towns such
as Milton Keynes, Hemel Hempstead and Watford. Silverlink Metro provides
train services on suburban routes running through West, North and East
South Eastern Trains (www.setrains.co.uk)
South Eastern Trains provides over 1700 train services a day across a
large part of South East England carrying over 120 million passengers
each year. It runs an intensive network of suburban and inter-urban services
in South East London, Kent and parts of Sussex. It operates from several
London stations- Victoria, Charing Cross, Cannon Street, Blackfriars
and London Bridge.
Southern provides a mix of suburban and main line train services in South
London and to the South Coast operating out of London Victoria, London
Bridge and Charing Cross. Its main service is to Brighton with Gatwick
Airport serviced from the same line.
South West Trains (www.swtrains.co.uk)
South West Trains runs 1,635 trains every weekday, serving 207 stations
and employing around 5,250 staff. London Waterloo is the hub of its network
and some 143 million passenger journeys a year are made on routes through
Hampshire, Surrey, Dorset, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Devon, Somerset, Cornwall,
East and West Sussex and Greater London, serving a mixture of commuters
and longer-distance travellers.
First Capital Connect
First Capital Connect provides commuter and leisure train
services for a large population to the North and South of London
Brighton passing through the heart of London. It also serves the
London suburban area on the Wimbledon - Sutton - Carshalton line.
|TransPennine Express (www.firstgroup.com/tpexpress)
TransPennine Express operates inter-city train services across the
North of England, from the East Coast to the Lake District, from
the North East to Yorkshire, and across Lancashire to Merseyside.
Major towns and cities served by TransPennine Express include Newcastle,
Middlesbrough, York, Scarborough, Hull, Leeds, Huddersfield, Doncaster,
Sheffield, Preston, Manchester, Manchester International Airport
||Virgin Trains (Cross Country and West Coast)
Virgin Cross Country provides frequent train services from Birmingham
to Leeds, Manchester, Liverpool and Bristol with regular services
to Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Newcastle in the north and Brighton,
Bournemouth and Penzance in the south and west. Virgin Cross Country
links 115 towns and cities and carries 16 million people a year.
Virgin West Coast provides high-speed train services from London
Euston to Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Scotland. Over 15
million people travel on Virgin Train's services on the West Coast
route every year.
Wagn (West Anglia Great Northern) operates train services over one main
route. The Great Northern services run between London King’s
Cross and Moorgate to Stevenage and Hitchin either direct via Welwyn
Garden City or via the Hertford Loop line and then on from Hitchin
to Peterborough, Cambridge and the Fenline to Kings Lynn.
Wessex Trains (www.wessextrains.co.uk)
Wessex Trains operates train services between major towns and cities
in South and South West England as well as some services to and from
South Wales. It has a fleet of 70 trains providing 500 services a day
and 10 million journeys every year. The company operates 125 stations
throughout a network of 900 miles, all supported by 900 members of staff.
as young as 8 have been seen
playing 'chicken' in front of
high speed trains.
Train Operating Companies
The three major freight train
operating companies are:
English, Welsh and Scottish Railway
EWS is Britain's largest rail freight company and moves more than 100
million tonnes of freight each year in markets as diverse as coal, timber,
cars and steel. Every week, 8,000 rail freight services are operated
by EWS across all parts of Britain and into Europe using some 500 locomotives
and 14,000 wagons.
Freightliner’s business has two main divisions. Freightliner Intermodal
operates over 100 trains of freight containers a day between freight
terminals situated at a variety of ports. Freightliner Heavy Haul moves
freight such as cement, coal, cars and waste and operates nearly 1,000
trains per week.
GB Railfreight is Britain’s newest rail freight company that has
a variety of customers including ASDA and British Gypsum. It runs an
innovative daily service from Felixstowe's North Terminal to the Hams
Hall Railfreight Terminal near Coleshill in the West Midlands.
Crime is estimated to cost £150
million a year
The three major rolling stock
Angel Trains (www.angeltrains.co.uk)
Angel Trains finances the construction and supply of new railway rolling
stock as well as the modernising or rebuilding of existing stock. It
has invested 3.8 billion euros in new trains and owns and leases 5,000
vehicles in the UK and Continental Europe.
Porterbrook Leasing (www.porterbrook.co.uk)
Porterbrook Leasing has a rolling stock fleet of over 5,000 various vehicles
that it leases to train and freight operators. Since 1996, Porterbrook
has invested in over 2700 new vehicles with a total value of approximately £1.5
Owns and leases passenger and freight rolling stock. The company is owned
by Forward Trust.
As the railway industry's economic
regulator, the Office's principal function
is to regulate Network Rail's stewardship
of the national network. The ORR also licenses
operators of railway assets, approves agreements
for access by operators to track, stations,
and light maintenance depots, and enforces
domestic competition law.
The SRA provides overall strategic
direction and leadership for Britain’s
railways. It lets and manages passenger franchises
as well as developing and sponsoring major
infrastructure projects. It also manages
freight grants, publishes an annual strategic
plan and is responsible for some aspects
of consumer protection. In July 2004 the
Government announced the SRA would be wound
up with 18 months.
a typical year there are 15,000
recorded cases of trespass on Britain's
The Railway Inspectorate of
HSE is responsible for enforcing statutory
requirements and accepting Railway Safety
Cases. Other responsibilities include giving
safety guidance to railway operators, undertaking
inspection of new lines, monitoring safety
equipment and investigating accidents
trespass on the railways is a
crime which can be punished in
court with a fine of upto £1,000
RSSB is an independent organisation
providing leadership in the development of
the long-term safety strategy and policy
for the railway industry. The company's prime
objective is to lead and facilitate the railway
industry's work to achieve continuous improvement
in the health and safety performance of the
railways in Great Britain, and thus to facilitate
the reduction of risk to passengers, employees
and the public.
November 29, 2007 14:17